Opius pilosicornis Fischer

Taxonomic History / Nomenclature
Opius pilosicornis Fischer, 1965: 239-242. Holotype female in AEIC (examined).
Opius pilosicornis: Fischer 1965: 420 (key); Fischer 1971: 76 (catalog).
Opius (Merotrachys) pilosicornis: Fischer 1977: 655–657, 700–701 (key, redescription); Fischer 1978: 166 (range extension); Fischer 1979: 264–267 (key); Yu et al. 2005, 2012 (electronic catalogs).
This species was described from the holotype female and three additional paratype females, all from Peru. Fischer (1978) subsequently recorded a male and a female from the state of Pará in Brazil.
Diagnosis and Relationships
Face (Fig. 2) distinctly punctate, punctures separated by about 1x their diameter, strongly shagreened adjacent eye margin, otherwise mostly weakly shagreened between punctures. Eye in lateral view (Fig. 3) about 2.2 [2.0–2.5] x longer than temple; temples in dorsal view not receding. Antenna of female with 56 flagellomeres, allotype with 54 flagellomeres; setae on basal flagellomeres (Fig. 6) thick, dark. Mesoscutum anteriorly (Fig. 3) on nearly same plane as pronotum, without distinct anterior declivity; notaulus extending laterally towards tegula as groove bordered by distinct supramarginal carina. Propodeum coarsely rugose, median areola absent, median trough anteriorly deep, short, distinct. Fore wing (Fig. 11) with 3RSa straight, about 1.6 x longer than 2RS; m-cu postfurcal. T1 declivitous anteriorly at about a 45 degree angle (Fig. 7), basal pit delimited posterior-medially; surface shagreened throughout; dorsal carinae (Fig. 8) weakly elevated, sinuate, widest subapically, narrowing apically, without obvious transverse carinae between dorsal carinae. T2 uniformly, distinctly shagreened; T3 (Fig. 9) mostly weakly shagreened, smoother and very finely punctate laterally. Ovipositor short, barely protruding (Fig. 10); ovipositor sheath roughly 0.4 x length of mesosoma. Color as in Figs 1, 7-9): head, mesosoma, T1, T3–T6 dark reddish brown to dark brown; T2 white with narrow, dark brown lateral margins; hind coxa white; hind femur almost completely dark reddish brown; antenna without subapical pale ring; wing lightly infumate.

This species is nearly identical to O. albericus , differing only in minor details, most notably in the relative size of the head. (Fig. 4: width vs. length in dorsal view 1.8 in O. albericus , 2.0 in O. pilosicornis). The shagreened sculpture of the face and more weakly on the frons is more evident in the holotype of O. pilosicornis than in the holotype of O. albericus . These two species are most readily separated from the others included in the ingenticornis species group by the color pattern of white hind coxa, dark hind femur, and dark mesosoma.

Additionally, as in all other members of the ingenticornis species group, this species can be further characterized as follows: Mandible short, broadly triangular, dorsal margin strongly angled ventrally, broadly exposing labrum. Clypeus shaped as a broad crescent, nearly hemispherical, flat to weakly protruding ventrally, ventral margin shallowly concave, rarely appearing truncate. Malar sulcus distinct, complete. Antenna unusually long, approximately twice longer than body; first flagellomere slender, longer than second, with long, narrow plate sensilla. Occipital carina broadly absent dorsally, the gap in dorsal view at least as wide as distance between eyes; carina well developed laterally and ventrally, widely separated from hypostomal carina ventrally. Pronope deep, wide, posterior margin at least weakly overlapping base of mesoscutum, thus obliterating posterior transverse sulcus medially; vertical carina absent on pronotum laterally. Mesoscutum without midpit; notaulus short, curved, pit-like anteriorly, narrowing and evanescent posteriorly. Propodeum with median depression at least anteriorly, never with median longitudinal carina. Mesopleuron without sternaulus, precoxal sulcus unsculptured, absent or very faintly indicated; hind margin of mesopleuron not obviously crenulate on dorsal 0.5. Fore wing 2CUb arising from or near middle of first subdiscal cell. Hind wing with RS distinctly infumate; m-cu absent. T1 with dorsal carinae parallel or nearly so, extending from base to apex; laterope large, deep; dorsope absent.

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Type locality: Peru, Quincemil, near Marcapata. Also: Brazil, Para, Jacareacanga.
No referenced distribution records have been added to the database for this OTU.

There are no specimens currently determined for this OTU, or those specimens determined for this OTU are not yet mappable.

Label data
Labels attached to the holotype are shown in Figs 1 and 2.
1.Holotype labels
2.Holotype labels
This page was assembled largely by Bob Wharton. It is part of a revision of the Opius ingenticornis species group conducted by Sophia Daniels, Xanthe Shirley, Danielle Restuccia and Bob Wharton, published by Wharton et al. (2013). We thank David Wahl (American Entomological Institute, Gainesville, FL) for loans and general assistance associated with examination of holotypes, as well as Max Fischer and Dominique Zimmermann (NHMW), Henri Goulet (CNC) and Paul Marsh (formerly USDA, Washington, D. C.) for facilitating other loans and work with material in their care. We are also sincerely grateful to Jim Woolley and Aaron Tarone for making available their imaging systems when ours crashed. Matt Yoder provided guidance on databasing issues associated with our use of mx. This work was conducted at Texas A&M University and was supported in part by NSF DEB 0949027, with REU supplement 1213790. Page last updated May, 2013.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number DEB 0949027 and associated REU supplement 1213790.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.