Bitomus Szepligeti, 1910

Taxonomic History / Nomenclature
Bitomus Szepligeti, 1910: 89. Type species: Bitomus braconinus Szepligeti, 1910: 89 (monobasic). Holotype in Budapest.
Type locality of type species: Pangerango, Java. The type species is sometimes incorrectly misspelled braconius.
Valid genus
A revision of Bitomus was published by Fischer (2006).
Diagnosis and Relationships
This genus is recognized primarily on the basis of the heavily sculptured, carapace-like metasoma and the large clypeus that conceals the labrum. The clypeus bears a median tooth on the ventral margin (Figs 3, 4). The second submarginal cell also tends to be longer in Bitomus than in Bitomoides, and Coleopius, and the type species of Orientopius, all of which have heavily sculptured metasomas. In Coleopioides, the second submarginal cell is even longer than it is in Bitomus. The concealed labrum and apically pointed clypeus (Figs 3, 4, 13) separate Bitomus in the strict sense, as defined by the type species and several closely related species, from Bitomoides, Coleopius, Coleopioides, and Orientopius. In the type species of Bitomus, the ovipositor is short (not protruding beyond tip of metasoma) and the notaulus and precoxal sulcus are long and very well developed. These characters differ in other species, as shown in Figs 14-16, but all species I have seen have a well-developed mesoscutal midpit (Fig. 7).

Members of the genus Bitomus also usually have a distinct postpectal carina, an oblique carina and associated groove on the propleuron, a variously developed transverse carina on the propodeum, and they lack a dorsope on T1. These features may be useful in uniting some or all of the above-named genera with carapace-like metasomas.

1. Bitomus braconinus habit...
2. Bitomus braconinus dorsa...
3. Bitomus braconinus face...
4. Bitomus braconinus face ...
5. Bitomus braconinus side ...
6. Bitomus braconinus...
7. Bitomus braconinus...
8. Bitomus braconinus...
9. Bitomus braconinus...
10. Bitomus braconinus...
11. Bitomus braconinus...
12. Bitomus braconinus...
13. Bitomus sp from India...
14.Bitomus sp from India
15. Bitomus sp from India...
16. Bitomus sp from India...
No referenced distribution records have been added to the database for this OTU.
Biology / Hosts
The specimen from India (in Canadian National Collection) shown in Figs 13-16 was reared from a fruit-infesting tephritid according to the label data.

There are no specimens currently determined for this OTU, or those specimens determined for this OTU are not yet mappable.

This page was assembled by Bob Wharton and Danielle Restuccia. It is part of a review of the genera of World Opiinae, conducted at Texas A&M University. We are particularly grateful to Xanthe Shirley, Andrew Ly, Patricia Mullins, Trent Hawkins, Lauren Ward, Cheryl Hyde, Karl Roeder, and Andrea Walker, who did nearly all of the imaging (together with Danielle) for this project. Matt Yoder and Istvan Miko provided guidance on databasing issues associated with our use of mx and HAO respectively. This project would not have been possible without the kindness of many curators at museums throughout the world who gave generously of their time to Bob Wharton and his students. In particular, I thank Henry Townes (deceased) and David Wahl (American Entomological Institute, Gainesville), Gordon Nishida (Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu), Norm Penny, and Bob Zuparko (California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco), Bill Mason (deceased), Mike Sharkey, Andrew Bennett, and Henri Goulet (Canadian National Collection, Ottawa), Paul Dessart (deceased) (Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels), Marc De Meyer (Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika, Tervuren), Axel Bachmann (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Natureles, Buenos Aires), Eberhard Koenigsmann (deceased) and Frank Koch (Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin), J. Casevitz Weulersse and Claire Villemant (Museum National d’Historie Naturelle, Paris), James O’Connor (National Museum of Ireland, Dublin), Jenö Papp (National Museum of Natural History, Budapest), Kees van Achterberg (National Museum of Natural History, Leiden), Max Fischer, Herb Zettel, and Dominique Zimmermann (Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien), Per Persson and Lars-Åke Janzon (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm), Ermenegildo Tremblay (Silvestri Collection, Portici), Erasmus Haeselbarth (Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, Munich), Tom Huddleston and Gavin Broad (The Natural History Museum, London), Paul Marsh and Robert Kula (USDA Systematic Research Laboratory and US National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C.), Vladimir Tobias (deceased) and Sergey Belokobylskij (Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg), and Roy Danielsson (Zoological Institute, Department of Systematics, Lund) for facilitating loans and general assistance associated with examination of holotypes and other material in their care. This work was supported largely by NSF/PEET DEB 0328922 and 0949027, with REU supplements 0723663, 1026618, 1213790, and 1313933 (to Wharton). Page last updated July, 2015. The material on this page is freely available, but should be acknowledged if used elsewhere.

This material is based upon work at Texas A&M University supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers DEB 9300517, DEB (PEET) 9712543, DEB (PEET) 0328922 with REU supplements 0616851, 0723663, and 1026618 and DEB 0949027 with REU supplements 1213790 and 1313933. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.