Euopius Fischer, 1967

Taxonomic History / Nomenclature
Euopius Fischer, 1967: 959-960. Type species: Neopius macrops Fischer, 1965 (original designation).

Type locality for macrops: Winter Park, Florida, USA; holotype female in US National Museum of Natural History.

Proposed as a new name for Neopius sensu Fischer (1964: 206-207) and Fischer (1965: 187-197), which differs in seemingly significant ways from Neopius Gahan, 1917.

Treated as a genus by Fischer (1967, 1972, 1977), as subgenus of Opius by Wharton (1988), and as synonym of Phaedrotoma by Li et al. (2013).

There was never a Neopius Fischer, only a Neopius Gahan sensu Fischer Fischer (1965). Fischer (1977: 1) is unfortunately a bit confusing in this regard. Li et al. (2013) compound the confusion by listing Neopius Fischer, 1965 (with type species by original designation Neopius macrops Fischer) as a synonym of Phaedrotoma. However, Fischer (1965: 187) clearly attributes Neopius to Gahan and lists carinaticeps as the type species. Fischer (1965) only included descriptions of those species described as new (all of which he later transferred to Euopius), but does include carinaticeps in his key to the known species.

Diagnosis and Relationships
As delimited by Wharton (1988), Euopius is characterized by species having relatively large eyes and consequently little or no malar space (Figs 3-6), hypostomal and occipital carina widely separated at the base with occipital carina complete dorsally (Fig. 8) and hypostomal carina extending as a flange beneath the mandible, mandible with carinate ventral margin and tooth 2 distinctly smaller than tooth 1 (Fig. 5), clypeus flat to weakly protruding, labrum exposed (Figs 3-5), pronotum narrow dorsally (Fig. 8), mesoscutum usually with a small, dimple-like midpit (Fig. 7), precoxal sulcus sculptured, usually short, fore wing with m-cu postfurcal, r arising basad midpoint of stigma, and second submarginal cell relatively large (Fig. 11), T1 without distinct dorsope but with deep laterope, basal median depression very large.

In the type species of Neopius Gahan, which also has a complete occipital carina, the head and body have shagreened sculpture and the notauli extend to the midpit. As noted by Wharton (1988: 345), even with removal of carinaticeps, Euopius Fischer is polyphyletic. The above diagnosis was therefore intended to restrict the definition to a group of New World agromyzid parasitoids that closely resemble one another. Many of the other species included in Euopius by Fischer (e. g. Fischer (1980) are more closely related to Aulonotus.

The images shown here are those of Euopius macrops (Fischer), a color-variable species, from southern USA.

1. Euopius macrops habitus ...
2. Euopius macrops habitus ...
3. Euopius macrops face, SEM...
4. Euopius macrops face...
5. Euopius macrops face...
6. Euopius macrops head and...
7. Euopius macrops head and...
8. Euopius macrops head and...
9. Euopius macrops T1 dorsa...
10. Euopius macrops metasoma...
11. Euopius macrops wings...
No referenced distribution records have been added to the database for this OTU.

There are no specimens currently determined for this OTU, or those specimens determined for this OTU are not yet mappable.

This page was assembled by Bob Wharton and Danielle Restuccia. It is part of a review of the genera of World Opiinae, conducted at Texas A&M University. We are particularly grateful to Xanthe Shirley, Andrew Ly, Patricia Mullins, Trent Hawkins, Lauren Ward, Cheryl Hyde, Karl Roeder, and Andrea Walker, who did nearly all of the imaging (together with Danielle) for this project. Matt Yoder and Istvan Miko provided guidance on databasing issues associated with our use of mx and HAO respectively. This project would not have been possible without the kindness of many curators at museums throughout the world who gave generously of their time to Bob Wharton and his students. In particular, I thank Henry Townes (deceased) and David Wahl (American Entomological Institute, Gainesville), Gordon Nishida (Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu), Norm Penny, and Bob Zuparko (California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco), Bill Mason (deceased), Mike Sharkey, Andrew Bennett, and Henri Goulet (Canadian National Collection, Ottawa), Paul Dessart (deceased) (Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels), Marc De Meyer (Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika, Tervuren), Axel Bachmann (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Natureles, Buenos Aires), Eberhard Koenigsmann (deceased) and Frank Koch (Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin), J. Casevitz Weulersse and Claire Villemant (Museum National d’Historie Naturelle, Paris), James O’Connor (National Museum of Ireland, Dublin), Jenö Papp (National Museum of Natural History, Budapest), Kees van Achterberg (National Museum of Natural History, Leiden), Max Fischer, Herb Zettel, and Dominique Zimmermann (Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien), Per Persson and Lars-Åke Janzon (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm), Ermenegildo Tremblay (Silvestri Collection, Portici), Erasmus Haeselbarth (Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, Munich), Tom Huddleston and Gavin Broad (The Natural History Museum, London), Paul Marsh and Robert Kula (USDA Systematic Research Laboratory and US National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C.), Vladimir Tobias (deceased) and Sergey Belokobylskij (Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg), and Roy Danielsson (Zoological Institute, Department of Systematics, Lund) for facilitating loans and general assistance associated with examination of holotypes and other material in their care. This work was supported largely by NSF/PEET DEB 0328922 and 0949027, with REU supplements 0723663, 1026618, 1213790, and 1313933 (to Wharton). Page last updated September, 2015. The material on this page is freely available, but should be acknowledged if used elsewhere.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers DEB 9300517, DEB (PEET) 9712543, DEB (PEET) 0328922 with REU supplements 0723663 and 1026618 and DEB 0949027 with REU supplements 1213790 and 1313933. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.